Peru has had a long battle with food insecurity. More than a decade has passed since Peru is trying to reduce food insecurity. Finally, it is time to cheer for Peruvian population after UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization published a study citing 50% reduction in food insecurity over the past 10 years.
Peru’s economy is poised to grow between 3.5 and 4.5 in 2015 and expected to touch 5.5% mark in 2016. It is ranked 80th out of 187 on the 2011 UNDP Human Development Index and 15th out of 79 on the 2012 Global Hunger Index.
According to Global Food Security Index 2015, food security has shown an improvement in most parts of the world. The average score of 109 countries has increased by 1.2 points, out of which two-third of the countries have shown progress since 2013, including Peru. The primary cause of improvement is attributed to rapid growth in the developing economies like Peru. Developing economies have witnessed a rise in raw material prices backed by lower global food prices.
The Index closely monitors the impact of 28 food security indicators including agricultural investments, partnerships, obesity, food loss and affordability. On the other hand, affordability is measured by six indicators including food consumption as a part of household expenditure, percentage of population living below global poverty line, GDP per capita, import tariffs on agricultural products, food programs by government, social protection and accessibility of finance to farmers.
It is interesting to note that Peru has turned out to be the biggest potato producer in Latin America. With a capacity to produce 4.6 million metric tons, Peru is ranked at 14th place in the world followed by Brazil, Colombia and Argentina. The area under potato plantation stands at approximately 318 hectares with an average yield of 14.7 tons/hectare according to Ministry of Agriculture. Furthermore, it has helped in generating 1, 10,000 permanent jobs in Peru. Fascinatingly, the per capita potato consumption in the Andean country stands impressively at 85 kilos.
The recent survey being conducted by regional authorities in Junín, Lima’s food basket, to assess the plantation pattern of the farmers is a commendable effort in the direction of improving agricultural supply and distribution across the country. The survey will also help them to take better decisions and assist in policy-making process.