Pueblo Libre is one of the districts of Lima. The name stands for “Free Town”, a recognition given to the population due to their loyalty during Peruvian War of Independence. The district spans an area of 4.38 sq km and is located about 90 meters above sea level. Located in proximity with Lima, Pueblo Libre allures tourists due its cultural heritage and well-laid out plazas. There are many places that mark the significance of rich Peruvian history. Its museums contain rare relics dating back to Pre-Columbian and Incan times.
National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru
This is the most significant museum in Lima. It was established in 1822 when the first director of the museum housed objects of colonial, republican origin and three natural kingdoms. The objects were donated from all parts of Peru but gradually they were stripped off and taken away to other museums. Consequently, the museum lost value and closed in 1885. It was in 1905 that it reopened as the Institute of History of Peru. Gradually, it evolved into museum of archaeological and anthropological significance. The museum conducts workshops on conservation of archaeological objects, emphasizing on textiles, metals, garments, fabrics and objects in pre-Columbian jewelry.
The Cross of the Traveler
La Cruz Del Viajero (The Cross of the Traveler) is one of the oldest attractions in Pueblo Libre. Positioned on a small square, the holy cross was brought from Spain and placed by Francisco Pizarro in Pueblo Libre. Soldiers used to pray before the cross before going to war while travelers bowed to get protection before making long journeys. Tradition has it that the liberators San Martin and Bolivar bowed reverently to the cross before bidding farewell to Peruvian lands.
In Inca market, one can find different handicraft products made of gold, silver, glass, quartz and other materials. The market encourages love for traditional crafts of the country, which are reproduced by skilled craftsmen in a variety of materials.
Among other main attractions are its plazas. In Plaza de la Bandera, one can see three blocks, first narrating the story of creation of Peruvian flag, second the national emblem and the third illustrates history of the national anthem. Plaza Bolivar is another square with beautiful green areas and a beautiful pool.