Thousands of years ago, Peru was covered with glaciers all along its Andean valleys. It might seem difficult to believe this today, where only meadows and rolling fields are left baking under the sharp high altitude sun. However, the glacial rivers reached a peak around 26,000 to 28,000 years ago. They gradually began to melt with the increase in temperatures across the globe, especially in tropical regions where if glaciers are found in high altitudes, they tend to be extremely sensitive to temperature changes.
In fact, Peru’s glacial past may provide us with answers about how the world is changing today due to man-caused climate change. Visiting Peru may take on a whole new meaning if you are the kind of person who is ecological-minded. Being in one of the climatic and biodiversity hotspots, Peru has seen a lot of changes over the decades. Its Amazonian rainforests are taking several hits from manmade intrusions, Peruvian mountains see less snow, the coasts see less rain and the heat is increasing in most of the sprawling urban centers.
Yet, very little is being done to ameliorate the effects of climate change, both local and global. This revelation of ancient glaciers melting away in Peru may interest people who often tend to ignore what is most important, and look at travel destinations as a source of time well spent.
The next time you visit Peru, make sure that you pay attention to the climatic changes that have been taking place slowly but surely in this South American country. Do not forget to observe the effects of climate change on indigenous people, who have often been pushed further back thanks to urbanization and climate change together.