|Full name||Carlos Alejandro Villanueva Martinez|
|Date of birth||June 4, 1908died at age 44|
|Place of birth||Lima, Peru|
For the stadium by this name in Peru, see Estadio Alejandro Villanueva
Carlos Alejandro Villanueva Martinez (born June 4, 1908 – died April 11, 1944) was a Peruvian football (soccer) player, considered the first great footballer in the country's history. He was one of the most important South American strikers in the 1920s and 1930s.
He is known to be Peru's historic bicycle kick figure. Alejandro Villanueva was noted to have an extraordinary handling the football, and his many outrageous moves won him the nickname "Manguera." Among his many exploits, the bicycle kick was one of the moves that won him widespread recognition. While playing for Alianza Lima, Villanueva's fame increased as he made international appearances such as in 1933 when Alianza Lima made a tour in Chile and, with fellow Peruvians such as Teodoro Fernandez, delighted the audiences with his skill and defeated a series of important Chilean clubs of that time such as Club Deportivo Magallanes, Santiago Wanderers, Audax Italiano, and Colo-Colo. In Peru, Villanueva is often remembered as one of the finest exponents of that nation's association football and as the player that amazed the crowds with his bicycle kicks. Interestingly, the people of Lima at first thought the bicycle kick was his invention when he executed it in 1928, and commonly called it "tiro caracol." Later, the name would change to "chalaca" when people began to favor the idea that the move was invented in Callao several decades earlier. As a result of these achievements, Villanueva remains a famous figure in Peru to the point that several songs have been made about him and his eternal club, Alianza Lima.
Alianza Lima's stadium, located in the La Victoria district of Lima, is named after him. It is also known as "Manguera" or "Maestro" ("Master").
- ↑ (Spanish) "Historia Blanquiazul: 1921-1960". clubalianzalima.com. http://www.clubalianzalima.com/pages/hist1921.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- ↑ (Spanish) "Teodoro 'Lolo' Fernandez". futbolperuano.com. http://peru.com/futbol/seleccion/historia/futbolistas/tfernandez.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- ↑ (Spanish)"Alejandro Villanueva". www.peruan-ita.org. http://www.peruan-ita.org/personaggi/dario/villanueva.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-19.