Ancón District

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Ancón
File:Map of Lima highlighting Ancón.PNG
Location of Ancón in the Lima province
Coat of Arms
80px
190px
Harbor
Country  Peru
Province Lima
Founded October 29, 1874
Capital Ancón
Area
Area
Elevation
299.22 km2
3 metres (10 ft)
Population (as of the 2005 Census)
Population
 - Total
 - Density

29,419
98.3/km² 
Mayor Guillermo Leonardo Pozo Garcia
Subdivisions 2 populated centers
UBIGEO 150102
Official website
www.muniancon.gob.pe

Ancón is a district of northern Lima Province in Peru. It is a popular beach resort, visited every summer by hundreds of people from Lima. Officially established as a district on October 29, 1874, the current mayor (alcalde) of Ancón is Jaime Jesús Pajuelo Torres. The district's postal code is 2.

Contents

Geography

The district has a total land area of 299.22 km². Its administrative center is located 3 meters above sea level.

Boundaries

Political division

The district is divided into 2 populated centers (Spanish: Centros Poblados):

Demographics

According to the 2005 census by the INEI, the district has 29,419 inhabitants, a population density of 98.3 persons/km² and 12,990 households. It is the second largest district and the 40th most populated district in Lima.

Beach resort

Ancón used to be a deluxe upscale beach resort during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Its sandy soil and dry atmosphere made it a welcome place for persons with pulmonary and bronchial affections. Besides the beach, in 1913, there was a tennis court, one or two hotels, and many cottages. The train trip from Desamparados station in downtown Lima took about an hour and a half through dry desert.

Today, the beach has become very popular; most of the upscale housing has moved to the beaches south of Lima, such as Santa María del Mar, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, Asia, among others.

Historical significance

File:Old house in Ancon, Peru.jpg
Old-style house in the Ancón beach area

Modern buildings and old houses dating back to the 19th century can be found in the district's beach area. Ancón has a yacht club that exists since 1950.

The Treaty of Ancón, that ended the War of the Pacific, was signed on October 20, 1883, ceding Tarapacá to the Chilean invaders.

Archaeology

Ancón is an important site in Peruvian archaeology as a burying ground for pre-Inca civilizations. Here the ridges of gravel and sandy soil were littered with skulls, bones, and remnants of tattered handwoven cloth. Beneath the surface, grave robbers found mummified bodies with all the accompanying grave goods in shallow graves. In this region, the preservation of the bodies was due to the dry climate, and also reportedly, the saltpetre and other preservative elements contained in the soil. In the late 1800s, archaeologist digging here found bodies, sometimes tattooed, adorned with beads, copper earrings and bird feathers, and swathed in richly colored blankets or cotton cloth, with jars of provisions beside them. Tablets fashioned of cloth, stretched upon frames of wood and painted with figures and characters, described the virtues of the deceased. Pre-historic Ancón was a fishing village, so many handmade nets were found, along with baskets of woven fibre representing the industries of women.

The extension of the railroad in 1870 to Chancay made the Necropolis of Ancón easily accessible to the day visitor. The geologists Reiss and Stubel conducted their excavations at Ancón during the period 1874-1875 because they feared the extent of digging there would quickly deplete the site. In 1884 Stolpe conducted excavations at Ancon on behalf of the National Museum of Ethnology in Stockholm.

External links

es:Distrito de Ancón fr:Ancón pt:Ancón (distrito) qu:Ancón distritu

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