Congress of Peru
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Congress consists of 120 members of congress (congresistas), who are elected for five year periods in office on a proportional representation basis. To be eligible, candidates must be Peruvian citizens, have passed their 25th birthday, and not have had their right to vote suspended. The last congressional election was held on April 9, 2006, concurrently with the presidential election.
The current President of Congress is Javier Velásquez Quesquén, representative of Lambayeque of the Peruvian APRA political party. The current official mayor of the national congress is José Abanto Valdivieso.
Currently the Peruvian congress congregates at the Palacio Legislativo del Perú, which is located in the historical center in Lima, across the road from plaza Simón Bolívar and a few blocks away from Casa de Pizarro.
Under its 1980 constitution (adopted in 1979 and abrogated in 1993), Peru had a bicameral Congress, made up of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. The Senate had 60 members; the Chamber, 180. Members of both chambers were elected for five-year terms, running concurrently with that of the president. Party-list proportional representation was used for both chambers: on a regional basis for the Senate, and using the D'Hondt method for the lower house. Members of both houses had to be Peruvian citizens, with a minimum age of 25 for deputies and 35 for senators.
Composition of the Peruvian Congress
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Peruvian Congress of 1995-2000
On July 27, 1995 a new unicameral Congress was created with the following distribution by political party:
- Change 90-New Majority (Alberto Fujimori): 74 seats.
- Independents: 16 seats.
- Union for Peru (Javier Pérez de Cuéllar): 8 seats.
- Christian People's Party (Luis Bedoya Reyes): 7 seats.
- Peruvian Aprista Party (Jorge Del Castillo): 7 seats.
- Popular Action (Fernando Belaúnde): 6 seats.
- Democracy in Action: 6 seats.
Peruvian Congress of 2000-2001
On July 27, 2000 the Congress of the Republic was established. This Congressional period was marked with various episodes of members of Congress switching their party affiliation. The following distribution marks seats by party at the end of the 2000-2001 term:
- Peru Possible (Alejandro Toledo): 21 seats.
- Let's Go Neighbor (Alberto Fujimori): 18 seats.
- Peru 2000 (Alberto Fujimori): 18 seats.
- Sin agrupación: 16 seats.
- No Agrupados: 11 congresistas.
- Parliamentary Independent Group: 10 congresistas.
- Independent Moralizing Front (Fernando Olivera): 7 seats.
- With Force Peru (Pedro Koechlin): 7 seats.
- Democratic Parliamentary Group: 6 seats.
- Popular Action-Union for Peru (Fernando Belaúnde and José Vega): 6 seats.
Peruvian Congress of 2001-2006
On July 21, 2001 a new Congress of the Peruvian Republic was established the following is a distribution of Congress members by political party affiliation:
- Peru Possible (Alejandro Toledo): 35 seats
- Peruvian Aprista Party (Alan García): 28 seats
- National Unity (Lourdes Flores): 12 seats
- Independent Moralizing Front (Fernando Olivera): 7 seats
- Peru Now (Luis Guerrero): 6 seats
- Other parties: 27 seats
Peruvian Congress of 2006-2011
A new Peruvian Congress of the Republic was established in July 2006 with the following distribution:
- Union for Peru (Ollanta Humala): 45 seats.
- Peruvian Aprista Party (Alan García): 36 seats.
- National Unity (Peru) (Lourdes Flores): 17 seats.
- Alliance for the Future (Martha Chávez): 13 seats.
- Center Front (Valentín Paniagua): 5 seats.
- Peru Possible (Alejandro Toledo): 2 seats.
- National Restoration (Humberto Lay): 2 seats.
Presidents of Congress
- ¹ Luz Salgado temporarily assumed the position of President of Congress after a motion to censure President Hildebrandt.
- ² Valentìn Paniagua, was elected President of Congress and as such simultaneously served as President of the Transitional Government.
- ³ Carlos Ferrero Costa, was assigned to President of Congress by an agreement between different political parties.