Expedición Libertadora del Perú
The Expedición Libertadora del Perú (Freedom Expedition of Peru) was a force Argentinian - Chilean, organized in 1820 by the government of Chile, with elements belonging to the Liberating Army of the Andes and to recently restored Army of Chile, which target was to liberate the Virreinato of Peru of the mastery of the Spanish Crown. The expedition was the continuation of the plan of liberation that General José de San Martín conceived for the Spanish colonies of the south of America. His principal drive and the organizing one was the Liberator Captain general Bernardo O'Higgins, as a whole with his government. The control of the force relapsed into the Argentine Liberator General José de San Martín. The expedition managed to liberate Peru of a partial way.
In 1814 the General Captaincy of Chile was reconquered by the Spanish Crown, in the Disaster of Rancagua, putting term to the period named Old Homeland, in which the Chilean patriots had governed the destinations of the colony and conceived notable reforms to the colonial Spanish diet. Later to above mentioned event, the Chilean troops, along with the personeros of the government, fled to Mendoza, where they were got by the Governor of the Province of Whose General José de San Martín, the one who conceived in that moment a plan of liberation of the South American colonies of the Spanish Empire. This plan would consist of invading Chile with an army shaped by the remains of the Army of Chile, defeated in Rancagua, and Argentine troops. After the invasion and liberation of Chile, for the allied army, this one would embark for sea course to Peru to extinguish the Spanish presence in that region, since he supposed a big threat for the independence of other Latin Americans countries.
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