Fray Thomas de San Martín
San Martín was born in Palencia (in modern-day Castile-Leon). In his youth, he was inspired by the ideals of medieval chivalry. Later he entered in the convent of San Pablo de Córdoba and became professor of arts and theology where he gained the reputation as a prolific scholar. He was sent to Seville to attend the Saint Thomas College.
Achievements in the New World
His work in Peru began as a priest and physician during the Spanish conquest of the Americas in the 1530s. Together with Pizarro and the other conquistadors he brought Catholicism to the New World. Cristóbal Vaca de Castro, who was sent by the Spanish crown to impose order on the newly conquered territories, asked Fray Tomás to establish a provisional government in Peru. It is said that he was selected by Vaca de Castro for the task because of his moral authority and the prestige he enjoyed.
During this period, he was highly critical of the brutality of the conquistadors towards the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
- "Brief information from UNMSM and Historical Records from the 16th Century and colonial times". National University of San Marcos Central Library Files. http://sisbib.unmsm.edu.pe/bibvirtual/libros/historia/San_marcos/Ap%C3%A9n.htm. Retrieved March 7 2005.
- "National University of San Marcos: Rector Gallery". National University of San Marcos Official Website. http://www.unmsm.edu.pe/sanmarcos/Galeriar.htm. Retrieved March 7 2005.
- Luis Antonio Eguiguren (1951). La universidad en el siglo XVI. Tomo I. National University of Saint Mark Editorial fund. es:Tomás de San Martín