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Huayño (Quechua: wayñu, Spanish: huaiño, huayño, huayno) is a genre of popular Andean music especially common in Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. It originated in Peru as a combination of traditional rural folk music and popular urban dance music. High-pitched vocals are accompanied by a variety of instruments, including flute, harp, panpipe, accordion, saxophone, charango, lute, violin, guitar, harmonica and mandolin. Some elements of huayño originate in the music of the pre-Columbian Andes. Huayño utilizes a distinctive rhythm in which the first beat is stressed and followed by two short beats.
The musical rhythm consists of a base pentatónica from binary rhythm, structural characteristic that has allowed this genre to turn into the base of a series of hybrid rhythms, from the chicha up to the Andean rock. The instruments that intervene in the execution of the Huayño are the quena, the small guitar, the mandolin, the harp and the violin.
Huayño is an important Andean genre of dance and music of pre-Hispanic origin and at present very wide spread among the Andean peoples. Huayño adopts diverse forms, according to the local or regional traditions and in certain forms it represents the popular adherence to the culture of the land. Huayño is an excellent example of typical Andean dance. On the other hand, although they are very different genres, the huayño is tied in the popular imagination to the marinera.
The dance begins with the man offering his right arm to the women as an invitation for her to dance. Alternatively, he puts his handkerchief on the shoulder of the woman. Next, the partners walk along an enclosure, and finally they dance. The dance consists of an agile and vigorous stamping of the feet during which the man follows the woman, opposite to front, touching her with his shoulders after having turned around, and only occasionally he touches his right arm to the left hand of his partner while both swing to the rhythm of the music. His movements are happy and roguish.
- "El Cóndor Pasa" by Daniel Alomía Robles
- "Vírgenes del Sol" by Jorge Bravo de Rueda
- "Flor de Retama"
- "Al compas de la Guitarra" by `Jilguero del Huascaran
- "Bendita las madres" by Jilguero del Huascaran , Elena Saray