|Location of the Junín region in Peru|
|See other Peruvian regions|
|Population (as of the 2005 Census)|
| Population |
1 274 781 (2004 estimate)
|Subdivisions||9 provinces and 123 districts|
| Elevation |
4818 m (Ticlio)
| 10º41'55" and N/A |
75º1'8" and 76º31'8"
|Main resources||Potato, coffee, fruit, silver, zinc, lead.|
|Percentage of country's GDP|
The region has a very heterogeneous topography. The western cordillera located near the border with the Lima Region, has snowy and ice covered peaks. On the east, there are high glacier valleys which end up in high plateaus (Altiplano). Among them is the Junín Plateau that is located between the cities of La Oroya and Cerro de Pasco.
The Mantaro Valley becomes wider before Jauja up to the limit with the Huancavelica Region. This area concentrates a large share of the region's population. Towards the east, near the jungle, there is an abundance of narrow and deep canyons, with highly inclined hillsides, covered by woods under low-lying clouds.
The Huaytapallana Cordillera is located in the south central area of the region. This cordillera holds a great fault which is the reason earthquakes happen in the area. The upper jungle, with valleys of great length, modelled by the Tulumayo, Paucartambo, Perené and Ene rivers, is located on the eastern side of the region.
Junín Region is also home to Mount Toromocho.
The Junín Region borders the regions of Pasco on the north, Ucayali on the northeast and Cusco on the east. The Mantaro River marks the region's border with the Ayacucho and Huancavelica regions on the south and on the west, it is bordered by the Lima Region.
The Junín Region has an average annual temperature of 13.1°C (56°F), a maximum high of 17°C (62°F) and a minimum low of 0°C (32°F).
The Junín plains were known as the Pampus region, which until the arrival of the Incas was inhabited by a semi-savage, quarrelsome group of people whose rivals were the Tarumas. Meanwhile, the Mantaro Valley was inhabited by the Huancas. Inca Pachacutec conquered all these peoples in 1460, who then became part of the Inca Empire. Huancayo became the region's main roadside resting stop on the Inca Trail.
Wool mills (known in Spanish as obrajes) were set up during the Viceroyalty, when weaving and knitting became a tradition that continues in our days. On September 13, 1825, Simón Bolívar issued a decree creating what is now the Junín Region, to commemorate his victory on the Junín Plains (Junín Battle), the last true cavalry charge in the occidental world where no shot was fired but only saber was used. Great events of national importance occurred during this period: Huancayo hosted the Assembly that issued the 1839 Constitution and on December 3, 1854, Ramón Castilla signed a decree that granted freedom to Afro-Peruvian slaves.
The region is divided into nine provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 123 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
- Chanchamayo (La Merced)
- Chupaca (Chupaca)
- Concepción (Concepción)
- Huancayo (Huancayo)
- Jauja (Jauja)
- Junín (Junín)
- Satipo (Satipo)
- Tarma (Tarma)
- Yauli (La Oroya)
Places of interest
- Asháninka Communal Reserve
- Chacamarca Historical Sanctuary
- Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve
- Otishi National Park
- Pampa Hermosa Reserved Zone
- Gobierno Regional Junín - Junín Regional Government official website
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