Lake Titicaca, which is partly located in the Puno Region
|Location of the Puno region in Peru|
|See other Peruvian regions|
|Population (as of the 2005 Census)|
| Population |
|Subdivisions||13 provinces and 108 districts|
| Elevation |
820 m (Lower Lanlacuni)
4725 m (San Antonio de Esquilache)
| 13°00' to 17°08' S |
71°08' to 68°50' W
|Main resources||Quinoa; it is also the nation's largest producer of sheep, alpacas and llamas.|
|Percentage of country's GDP||2.2%|
Puno is a region in southeastern Peru. It is bordered by Bolivia on the east, the Madre de Dios Region on the north, the Cusco and Arequipa regions on the west, the Moquegua Region on the southwest, and the Tacna Region on the south. Its capital is the city of Puno, which is located on Lake Titicaca in the geographical region known as the Altiplano or high sierra.
The Puno region is located in the Collao Plateau. The western part of Lake Titicaca, which is the world's highest navigable lake, is located in the region. The Andean mountains make up 70% of the region's territory, and the rest is covered by the Amazon rainforest.
The climate is cold and dry, with a four-month rain season. On the other hand, the climate of the rainforest is warm. The water resources are taken from the Lake Titicaca, 50 lagoons and more than 300 rivers. There is also an important potential in underground waters.
Tourism is currently expanding in the Puno Region, with several tour operators and hotels ranging from low budget hostels to high-end hotels.
The region is divided into 13 provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 107 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
- Azángaro (Azángaro)
- Carabaya (Macusani)
- Chucuito (Juli)
- El Collao (Ilave)
- Huancané (Huancané)
- Lampa (Lampa)
- Melgar (Ayaviri)
- Moho (Moho)
- Puno (Puno)
- San Antonio de Putina (Putina)
- Sandia (Sandia)
- San Román (Juliaca)
- Yunguyo (Yunguyo)
During the Viceroyship, Puno was the obliged route for travelers going to Potosí, Bolivia. In 1668, viceroy Conde de Lemos established San Juan Bautista de Puno as the capital of the province of Paucarcolla. Later, it was called San Carlos de Puno, in honor of the ruling king, Charles II of Spain.
In 1870, the railway route Arequipa-Puno was installed and navigation in Lake Titicaca started.
In 2007, a meteorite landed here, rupturing a natural deposit of arsenic, sickening the locals.
In March 2008, the regional President, Hernán Fuentes, declared that he seeks to push for the region's secession from Peru in order to establish an independent state. Fuentes has refused to help his local government organize a nationwide test for public sector teachers and promotes the cultivation of the coca leaf, often used to make cocaine. Then-Peruvian Prime Minister Jorge Del Castillo stated that promoting the breakup of Peru was "an act of sedition."
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