San Martín Region
|San Martín Region|
|Location of the San Martín Region in Peru|
|See other Peruvian regions|
|President||Julio Cárdenas (PAP)|
|Population (as of the 2005 Census)|
| Population |
|Subdivisions||10 provinces and 77 districts|
| Elevation |
190 m (Pelejo)
3080 m (Agua Blanca)
| 5º23'45" and N/A |
77º38´11" and 77º47´14"
|Main resources||Coffee, rice, yucca, cocoa, tobacco, cebu cattle.|
|Percentage of country's GDP||1.85%|
The territory of San Martín can be divided into four morphological zones:
- the west, near the eastern side of the Andean Plateau, with a rough topography and many ravines;
- the zone of the wide valleys, with stepped terraces formed by the Huallaga River and its affluents, where population is engaged mainly in cattle and agriculture;
- the southwest zone, with a relief coming down from the Cordillera Azul, with low elevation, where is an impressive canyon known as Cajón de Sión, which finishes in the Cayumba rapids;
- a small lower jungle zone with areas easily flooded and with almost no accidents.
The Huallaga River is one of the most important rivers in the region. It forms, together with its tributaries a hydrographical system which drains all of the region's territory. The Pongo de Aguirre is an important canyon formed by the Huallaga going through the Andean hills.
Tupac Yupanqui entered and subdued the Inca dominion, the province of Moyobamba, known back then by its native name, Muyupampa. In 1539, Spaniard Alonso de Alvarado reached the Mayo River and founded a city he named Santiago de los Valles de Moyobamba, which later became the capital of Maynas. Another important personality was Priest Manuel Sobreviela who, between 1787 and 1790, accomplished traveling across the Huallaga River and subsequently published a map named "Planning for the course of the Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers and for the Pampa del Sacramento".
The construction of a highway in recent years has increased the exchange of different products, benefitting the economy of this region.
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
- Bellavista (Bellavista)
- El Dorado (San José de Sisa)
- Huallaga (Saposoa)
- Lamas (Lamas)
- Mariscal Cáceres (Juanjuí)
- Moyobamba (Moyobamba)
- Picota (Picota)
- Rioja (Rioja)
- San Martín (Tarapoto)
- Tocache (Tocache)
Gran Pajáten is a pre Inca complex of circular slate buildings decorated with figures of flying condors situated on the border with La Libertad. Due to its difficult access, tourism is not yet possible at the site.
- (Spanish) Gobierno Regional San Martín - San Martín Regional Government official website
be-x-old:Сан-Мартын bg:Сан Мартин (регион) ca:Regió de San Martín da:San Martín (region) de:San Martín es:Departamento de San Martín fr:Région de San Martín id:Region San Martín it:Regione di San Martín la:Sanctus Martinus Regio ms:Negeri San Martín nl:San Martín (regio) ja:サン・マルティン県 nn:San Martín-regionen pt:San Martín (região) qu:San Martin suyu sv:San Martín (region) war:San Martín (rehiyon) zh:圣马丁大区