Santiago de Surco District
|Santiago de Surco|
| File:Map of Lima highlighting Santiago de Surco.PNG|
Location of Santiago de Surco in the Lima province
|Coat of Arms|
View towards east, Higuereta oval on view
|Founded||December 16, 1929|
| 34.75 km2|
|Population (as of the 2005 Census)|
251,648 (2002 estimate)
|Mayor||Juan Manuel Del Mar Estremadoyro|
Santiago de Surco, commonly known simply as Surco, is a district of Lima, Peru. It is bordered on the north by the districts of La Molina, Ate and San Borja; on the south by Chorrillos; on the east by La Molina, Villa María del Triunfo and San Juan de Miraflores; and on the west by San Borja, Miraflores, Surquillo and Barranco.
The northern part of Surco, which is close to San Borja and La Molina, is known as Monterrico and is considerably more developed than the southern side of the district, having more upper class housing and the four major shopping centers of the district.
Culture, education and entertainment
Many of Lima's largest shopping centers are also located in the district, including "Jockey Plaza Shopping Center", "Caminos del Inca", "Chacarilla" and "El Polo". Santiago de Surco has won five awards for having some of the best-kept green areas in Lima.
La Vendimia (grapevine): The Viticulture Association and the Municipality of Surco sponsor this showcase for regional crafts, cuisine and wine processes within the framework of the "Vineyard Harvest of Surco." The craft of wine preparation is demonstrated through macerating grapes by the traditional method of treading by foot. Grape fermentation and aging processes are also shown. A Reina de la Vendimia (Queen of the Harvest) is chosen and local performers stage their talents. This seasonal festival takes place from March 17 to 26, annually and it is one of the most traditionalist festivities. It is celebrated in downtown Surco.
The Santiago de Surco area was already populated before Inca times. During the Viceroyalty of Peru, Surco became a vacation spot for the wealthy. Back in those times, Surco comprised not only its current territory but also the area of present-day Barranco, Chorrillos, and other areas.
During the War of the Pacific, the Chilean invading soldiers sacked and burned the surroundings of the San Juan Grande Church. This church had been constructed by the Jesuit order in 1752, utilizing only adobe, canes, stones and wood.
Due to the Spanish monarch Carlos III's disagreements with the Jesuit order, they were expelled in 1767 from all the Spanish territories and their properties were confiscated. Thus this place was abandoned; thereafter, it was sold at auction, being then named San Juan Grande and divided into a small and a large parcels. The church took its name from the large ("grande") parcel, which was the only one that was sold.
In the patio that divides the church from the house-property there was an immense pine tree of more than 300 years of age but even though it fell broken in January 2001, It is the mute witness of a kid's feat who became a hero at the age of 13 and during the San Juan y Miraflores battle he immolated for the sake of the mother country. The house-property was used as a shelter for Cáceres' troops, who didn't know where the Chilean troops would attack from, which, few hours earlier have just disembarked in Conchán.
But there the little kid hero Julio César Escobar was on the very tip top of the pinetree as a watch. It was too late when he warned about the Chilean troops' presence, they had to flee through the shooting that had already begun. The patriots were defeated and the kid hero was shot dead close-by the immense pinetree, the church was converted in a stable, thereafter, Santiago was sacked and burned.
- ↑ Alberto Tauro del Pino, Enciclopedia Ilustrada del Perú, vol. XV, p. 2414.
- (Spanish) Municipalidad Distrital de Santiago de Surco - Santiago de Surco district council official website