Administrative divisions of Peru
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The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time, since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century. The old territorial subdivisions have split or merged due to several reasons, the most common ones being the need for decentralization, and population increase, especially in Lima.
Peru was divided into 24 departments (departamentos; singular: departamento) until the creation of the regions in 2002. These regions are governed by Regional Governments. Many people still use the old departamentos term when referring to the current regions of Peru, although it is now obsolete. The departments were identical to today's regions, with the exception of two new regions (Callao and Lima). Before the 2002 changeover, the province of Lima (which is basically the city of Lima) was part of the Lima department, and the city of Callao had the special status of Provincia Constitucional (constitutional province). When the regionalization law was passed, the Callao region was created from the former constitutional province, and the province of Lima separated from the rest of the Lima department, which in turn came to form the new Lima Region. A failed attempt to divide the country into twelve autonomous regions was made during the 1980s under the government of Alan García.
Peru's territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on November 18, 2002, is divided into 25 regions (regiones; singular: región). These regions are subdivided into provinces, which are composed of districts (provincias and distritos). There are 195 provinces and 1833 districts in Peru. The Lima Province, located in the central coast of the country, is unique in that it doesn't belong to any of the twenty-five regions. The city of Lima, which is the nation's capital, is located in this province. Callao is its own region, even though it only contains one province, the Constitutional Province of Callao.
- (Spanish) Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
- Peru Info: Information by regionsda:Perus administrative inddelinger
de:Verwaltungsgliederung Perus es:Organización territorial del Perú fr:Subdivisions du Pérou it:Perù#Geografia politica no:Peru#Administrativ inndeling pt:Subdivisões do Peru ru:Административное деление Перу sv:Politisk och administrativ indelning av Peru war:Administratibo nga pagbahinbahin han Peru