Transport in Peru
total: 1,988 km
standard gauge: 1,608 km, 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm) gauge
narrow gauge: 380 km, 3 ft (914 mm) gauge
There are two unconnected principal railways in Peru.
The Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA; the former Ferrocarril Central del Perú) runs inland from Callao and Lima across the Andes watershed to La Oroya and Huancayo. It is the second highest railway in the world (following opening of the Qingzang railway in Tibet), with the Galera summit tunnel under Mount Meiggs at 4,783 m (15,692 ft) and Galera station at 4,777 m (15,673 ft) above sea level. In 1955 the railway opened a spur line from La Cima on the Morococha branch (4,818 m (15,807 ft) above sea level) to Volcán Mine, reaching an (at the time) world record altitude of 4,830 m (15,846 ft). Both branch and spur have since closed to traffic. From Huancayo the route is extended by the Ferrocarril Huancayo - Huancavelica. In July 2006 FCCA began work to regauge the Huancavelica line from 3 ft (0.91 m) to standard gauge. There was also a proposal for a 21 km tunnel under the Andes.
The Ferrocarriles del Sur del Perú (FCS), now operated by PeruRail, runs from the coast at Matarani to Cuzco, and to Puno on Lake Titicaca. From Cuzco, PeruRail runs the 3 ft (0.91 m) gauge line to Aguas Calientes for Machu Picchu.
- Bolivia – shipping from 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) railhead in Puno to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3⅜ in) railhead in Guaqui across Lake Titicaca by train ferry.
- Chile – a semi-isolated 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) line connects Tacna, Peru to the port of Arica, Chile.
- Ecuador – none.
- in March 2009, gauge conversion from Huancayo to Huancavelica from 914 mm (3 ft) to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) proceeds. 
total: 85,900 km
paved: 45,000 km
unpaved: 40,900 km (1999 est.)
Long distance buses
Inter-city travel in Peru is almost exclusively done in long distance buses.
234 (1999 est.)
List of Peruvian Airports
Jorge Chavez International Airport, in Lima is Peru's main national and international gateway, with an estimate of 98 percent of all international flights into Peru landing at this airport.
Airports - with paved runways:
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 17
1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 26
914 to 1,523 m: 67
under 914 m: 94 (1999 est.)
- Cruz del Sur
- South America buses
- Brief historical summary of the railroads in Peru
- ↑ Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness. ISBN 0-85112-359-7.
- ↑ "Huancavelica upgrade". Railway Gazette International. 2006-06-01. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news_view/article/2006/06/3802/huancavelica_upgrade.html.
- ↑ Whetham, Robert D. (2008). Railways of Peru. Volume 2 – The Central and Southern Lines. Bristol: Trackside Publications. ISBN 978-1-900095-37-2.
- ↑ Trains (magazine), March 2009, p68